LAMP vs MERN: Introduction And Web Stack Comparison

I have found a new stack. The phrase is becoming quite popular in the development world. As the traditional approaches are no longer sufficient to create applications that the modern-day end users demand, developers are using a web stack. With the advancement in technology over the decades, web stacks have also evolved. Two of the most popular of them are LAMP and MERN or MEAN.

Website stacks or software stacks or solution stacks are a set of technologies to get development solutions. There are several components- including operating system, database, web server, and scripting languages- that come together to complete a web stack.

LAMP is behind the term ‘stack’, which refers to a set of technologies that are stacked over each other to create a web solution for end users. LAMP stack has been in the development sector for quite a long time now. In fact, it’s here since the early web. It’s also called the traditional LAMP stack, but many businesses today use it to develop secure and effective web solutions.

However, LAMP is not the only stack option. There are many web stack services to meet the exact needs of users. Even, LAMP has versions like LEMP, LAPP, and LLMP. Another famous web stack is MERN or MEAN. From an operating system to the database, there are many things that differentiate web stacks from each other.

What are LAMP stacks?

LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP, Perl or Python. Each of them is software packs that come together to develop a versatile web solution. One of the biggest reasons behind the popularity of LAMP over the years is its widespread support and security features. It has well-known PHP and MySQL. They allow users to host anywhere. Plus, the users get access to the most reliable CMS engines.

LAMP has numbers of other benefits, and one of them is customization. It can be twisted to LEMP where Apache is replaced with NGINX. Other customization options that come with the stack include LAPP – replacing MySQL with PostgreSQL- and LLMP – using Lighttpd instead of Apache.

Some other benefits of LAMP stack include:

Scalability: The web stack is scalable. A web solution made using LAMP grows or shrink with the increase in demand.

Fast development: There are built-in open source libraries and frameworks that make it easy to quickly develop a web app.

Security: LAMP is securer than many other web stacks in the market right now, thanks to the latest updates and the security architecture it provides to developers.

What are MERN stacks?

MERN stands for MongoDB, ExpressJS, ReactJS, NodeJS. What differentiates it from MEAN stack is ReactJS in place of AngularJS. Many modern-day developers prefer React over Angular. React is a JavaScript library while Angular is a front-end Javascript framework. A framework is a structure where developers can present and organize code.

Both MEAN and MERN are open source frameworks with enhanced flexibility. MongoDB as a document database is widely popular to securely store application data.

NodeJS is Javascript outside of a browser. In its own environment, it provides safe run-time conditions Javascript. It works to remove HTML, which allows a page to run as a web page. In the presence of NodeJS, developers do not require to load Javascripts into an HTML page. However, it is not easy for developers to write a server on Node. It is where ExpressJS comes into play. Using the framework, developers can decide on routes and actions to make them work.

Some of the major benefits of MERN includes:

Javascript: Using MERN stack, every single life of code is written in Javascript, which is used on both server and client side.

Easy development: As only one programming language is used, it becomes easy for developers to quickly develop a web app.

What Is The Difference Between LAMP And MERN?

LAMP has been in the development world for a long time, but MERN is also serious business for developers right now. Both stacks have their own pros and cons. Choosing one of them depends on a developer and an application the individual is planning to develop.

A key advantage of MERN is that developers can use JavaScript code on a server as well as client side. But it also eliminates security when both the server and the client codes are the same. On the other hand, working with JavaScript also makes it a lot easier for developers to work.

LAMP is a traditional web stack, but it is as useful as other stacks are. Plus, it has many other advantages that make it the right stack to use. For example: LAMP is scalable and easily customizable. In the case of LAMP, developers use PHP as a standard APACHE module and upload PHP files through a MySQL Database to an APACHE server. This makes development a cakewalk.

So, it is difficult to conclude which is the best web stack. Both LAMP and MERN play a notable role in developing a great web application that helps a business for years to come. Choosing one of them depends on a business and its development priorities.