Real estate is the largest global asset value expected to rise from $2.6 trillion in 2020 to $3.7 trillion in 2025. Somehow, these figures will be disrupted by the introduction of blockchain development. Blockchain technology is a new word in the field of real estate. Commercial real estate executives state that blockchain-based smart contract real estate will play a key role in the industry.
Since the technology’s introduction on the Ethereum blockchain platform, smart contracts have been making headlines. They’re currently used in various businesses, but they haven’t lived up to the hype. This article will look at the barriers to the widespread smart contracts in real estate transactions, particularly those including insurance.
This revised and expanded edition of our report will show you how blockchain technology may improve leasing and sale-purchase transactions in commercial real estate.
Real Estate Management With Blockchain Smart Contract
There are some basic features of the blockchain process:
- No single entity owns the data stored inside a blockchain.
- Everyone in the blockchain network can see the data stored inside.
- Cryptographic hash functions don’t allow tampering with the data inside the blockchain.
- Optionally, a blockchain network can be private, requiring an invitation and validation by the network starter or a set of rules established by the network starter.
Blockchain-based real estate apps include:
- Real estate ownership is transferred based on predetermined circumstances.
- Using real estate NFTs as collateral for on-chain loans is a good idea.
- Rent payments are automatically triggered at the beginning of each month.
- Providing specialized exposure to market trends through derivative products.
- Using a decentralized real estate ETF as liquidity for lending protocols to generate passive yields, with the added benefit of more transparency and meta-governance.
Benefits Of Blockchain-Based Smart Contract Real Estate
Commercial real estate holds a great portion of the world’s transaction activity & economic assets. Today’s real estate market, on the other hand, is made up of numerous siloed and autonomous networks with transactional friction and opacity.
Real estate property can be digitized as fungible or non-fungible tokens (NFTs) on blockchains, granting holders partial or complete ownership of the physical property they represent. The Ethereum blockchain offers a viable alternative for achieving the following industry benefits:
Real estate assets can be easily integrated into other blockchain-based financial products without time-consuming manual processing.
Real estate assets can become more globally accessible, increasing liquidity and reducing slippage for buyers and sellers.
Blockchains can provide an immutable audit trail of ownership for a real estate asset, including the asset’s full transaction history and metadata on modifications made.
On-chain derivatives products can be designed to enable more advanced hedging methods, such as a homeowner or real estate agent hedging against a probable fall in forecasted property values within a geographic region.
Automated real estate transactions can be completely integrated with existing systems to cut costs and shorten settlement times.
Why Choose Blockchain & Smart Contract Real Estate
The blockchain process can deliver various utilities to the real estate industry:
Smart Contracts: They are self-executing automated contracts with specific instructions in their code that are carried out when certain criteria are met.
Tokenization: A token is known as the digital representation of any real-world asset or any value. The best case of blockchain technology is that it helps real-world asset tokenization. With tokenization, multiple people can buy part of any property and share the building instead of a single person owning one property.
Blockchain for real estate and smart contracts follow the local government regulations; however, it removes the role of the middleman ( banks, broker, and lawyers ) in the process.
It is possible to link the digital ownership of the property, documents, and contracts directly into the blockchain using smart contracts. The owner is safe because the data can’t be tampered with or changed once it’s inside the blockchain.
Use Cases Of Blockchain Smart Contract In Real Estate
Bitcoin is accepted as a new mode of payment by some sellers and companies. However, alongside buying a new house with bitcoin, there are other use cases. Have a look:
Blockchain for real estate funds and asset management
With Ethereum blockchain technology, digital assets are customized to meet all the issuer’s requirements. As digital assets are programmed that include the rights of ownership, transactions history, and asset distribution rules.
Furthermore, it also reduces the cost and increases the speed of all corporate actions. The reduced cost helps the issuer lower the investment amount and unlock wide access to the investors.
Blockchain for alternative financing
Blockchain makes alternative financing methods more accessible by making investor management easier for developers and enabling investment transparency and ongoing ROI tracking for investors. These solutions make investing easier for investors, boost their confidence, and give them access to potential investors.
Blockchain for property management
Managing large-scale properties is very ineffective. Hence, the blockchain secures data sharing and ownership payments and provides premium due across the platform. This helps to increase operational efficiency and provides cost and time savings that facilitates better decision-making.
Blockchain for urban planning
Educational resources, token-based participation incentives, and a feedback loop between stakeholders are all possible features of blockchain-based urban planning platforms. This would promote community participation and better incorporate local communities into the property development value chain, boosting public trust and increasing developer services for long-term success.
Blockchain Oracle To Transform Real Estate Data On-chain
High-quality data inputs in blockchain help all smart contract applications be data-driven, such as they’re priced, secured, and settled. Some of the applications even require some outputs like approving e-signature of the people and making payments on specific payment gateways.
On the other hand, blockchains are designed to be isolated networks, providing a high level of security and reliability by only maintaining an internal state of consistency regarding internal transactions. This means that blockchains do not include any data about the real estate market and cannot access external APIs built-in. The oracle problem is a term used to describe this situation.
Oracle is a digital entity that connects the external environment with the blockchain environment, also called an on-chain environment. Developers get some best features and formatting APIs from the oracles to be compatible with blockchains and transmit data between on-chain and off-chain environments. The features include gathering data from different sources, data privacy, and signing data to confirm the webserver.
Blockchain can easily disrupt company processes and the real estate industry’s existing landscape. In the real estate market, blockchain is still in its beginning. As a result, trial and error will certainly identify many of its use cases.
The impact of blockchain on the real estate market is still evolving. However, thanks to the numerous innovations now in development, it will be reasonable to declare that blockchain has revitalized the real estate market in a few years.